How is the farmers’ ‘Delhi Chalo’ protest different from the 2020 movement? Understand here in 5 points

By Priyanka Tiwari February 13, 2024 7:20 AM IST

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In the second month of the year 2024 itself, farmers of Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh have come out on the streets. After the last round of talks between farmer leaders and Union Ministers last Monday remained inconclusive, more than 200 farmer organizations are moving towards Delhi on Tuesday. Union Minister Arjun Munda said that consensus has been reached on most of the issues raised by the farmers and the government has proposed to form a committee to resolve the remaining issues. At the same time, farmer leaders said that there is no clarity on the legal guarantee of minimum support price.

Haryana government sealed the borders

Farmers will start their Delhi Chalo march from 10 am today, but to stop them, the Haryana government has imposed a cordon around the state so that the protesters cannot enter Haryana from Punjab. Also, Delhi’s borders have been strengthened in an effort to prevent the farmers’ protests from resuming in the year 2020-21.

Understand in 5 points how this protest is different from the 2020 demonstration?

1. The question arises that why are the farmers protesting again?

The answer is that in the year 2020, farmers protested against three agricultural laws, which were withdrawn in the year 2021 after their one-year protest at the Delhi borders.

Demanding legal guarantee of MSP for all crops, implementation of Swaminathan Commission formula, complete loan waiver for farmers, pension for farmers and labourers, withdrawal of cases against farmers during protests 2020-21 by 2023 Delhi Chalo was announced in .

2. Strong blockade to prevent farmers from reaching Delhi

In the year 2020, farmers were able to come to Delhi, but this time the administration has taken strict precautionary measures. Barbed wire, cement barricades, nails on roads – all roads in Delhi have been blocked. Section 144 has been implemented in Delhi. Even the Haryana government sealed its borders with Punjab.

3. What was the government’s response to this?

This time the government started the process of talks even before the farmers’ Delhi Chalo march. The first meeting between farmer leaders and Union ministers was held on 8 February and the second meeting was held on 12 February. If reports are to be believed, the government has now accepted the demand to withdraw all cases against farmers registered during the 2020-21 agitation against the repealed agricultural laws, but did not give any guarantee of MSP.

4. Rakesh Tikait, Gurnam Singh Charuni not participating this time

The two main leaders of the farmers’ protest of 2020 were Rakesh Tikait and Gurnam Singh Charuni. But this time they are nowhere to be seen because after 4 years the farmers have come out on the streets. SKM (non-political) leader Jagjit Singh Dallewal and general secretary Sarwan Singh Pandher are now in the lead.

5. Who is leading this protest?

The second farmer protest is being led by various unions as the complexion of farmer unions has changed extensively in the last few years. At the same time, United Kisan Morcha (non-political) and Kisan Mazdoor Morcha have announced Delhi Chalo 2.0.

At the same time, many factionalism was seen in the Bharatiya Kisan Union, Samyukt Kisan Morcha, which led the farmers’ 2020 protest.

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